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botanical garden kolkata wikipedia
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botanical garden kolkata wikipedia

botanical garden kolkata wikipedia

The official name of the Garden during the Company's rule was 'The Hon'ble Company's Botanic Garden, Calcutta', subsequently, it was renamed 'The Royal Botanic Garden, Calcutta' in the early 1860s. It is one of the vast gardens in Kolkata, consisting of the rarest collections of plants and trees from across the globe. He occupied the post till 1846. Despite being an awkward journey by public transport, Kolkata’s lovely 109-hectare Botanical Gardens makes for a great place to escape from the city’s frazzling sounds and smells. The Kolkata Botanical Garden is the largest botanic garden of Asia. With 27 spectacular gardens on 385 acres, the Garden is a place of ever-changing beauty that you can stroll through daily. Roxburgh started experiments with the cultivation of various fibrous plants, including hemp and flax. Until the year 1872 when publication of the Flora of British India was begun by the distinguished botanist Sir Joseph Hooker, Roxburgh's Flora Indica was the only book through which knowledge of Indian plants could be acquired. King also became the Director of the Botanical Survey of India in 1887. The Botanical Gardens are a haven amidst the chaos of Kolkata. Our easy-to-use app shows you all the restaurants and nightlife options in your city, along with menus, photos, and reviews. With the restoration in 1872 of the ground formerly occupied by the Agri-Horticultural Society of India, the Royal Botanic Garden, Calcutta, expanded to just over 270 acres. Roxburgh began to collect plants systematically from India, South East Asia, and the Far East, and set up a herbarium. Botanical Gardens in India. In the same year Christopher Smith was appointed to the post of Gardener. In fact, Wallich collected abundant plants during 1817-1828 through his own efforts as well as from contributions made by botanists and collectors throughout the country. Prain became Director of the Kew Gardens in 1905. Preparatory works for the Garden started in April 1787. McClelland started the Garden School to produce qualified malees (gardeners). It is open daily except Christmas Day. This distinguishes them from parks and pleasure gardens where plants, usually with beautiful flowers, are grown for public amenity Botanical gardens that specialize in trees are sometimes referred to as arboreta. In 1887, King started the publication of Annals of the Royal Botanic Garden, Calcutta, a series of profusely illustrated botanical monographs. He took charge of the Garden on 29 November 1793. WordCamp Kolkata 2019 is going to be the first ever Annual WordPress Conference in the city organized by Kolkata WordPress Community at Biswa Bangla Convension Center, on 3rd March, 2019 (Sunday).It will be an exciting, WordPress related knowledge sharing and informative one-day event. Rome2rio is a door-to-door travel information and booking engine, helping you get to and from any location in the world. Regional Museum of Natural History Mysore, Jawaharlal Nehru Tropical Botanic Garden and Research Institute, Acharya Jagadish Chandra Bose Indian Botanic Garden, National Cactus and Succulent Botanical Garden and Research Centre, Indian Council of Forestry Research and Education, Ministry of Environment and Forests (India), Botanic Garden Conservation International's garden search database, South Asian Zoo Association for Regional Cooperation, Governors, Lieutenant Governors and Administrators, Fundamental rights, principles and duties, Bureau of Police Research and Development (BPR&D), Directorate of Revenue Intelligence (DRI), Historical exchange rates data of the Indian rupee, List of organic gardening and farming topics, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=List_of_botanical_gardens_in_India&oldid=971331984, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Biggest in India and conserves the largest number of plant species in Asia, One of the largest Cactus and Succulent Botanical Garden in India, situated in, This page was last edited on 5 August 2020, at 13:14. Buchanan's collections of plant materials enriched the Herbarium of the Garden considerably. Botanical Garden Kolkata Banyan Tree The Famous Banyan Tree. The whole area of the Garden was treated for landscape effects. Similarly, teak was first planted in the Calcutta Botanic Garden, and plantations were later established at several other places in the Bengal Presidency. This page was last modified on 5 May 2014, at 11:14. Cinnamon cultivation received his special attention. They are occasionally associated with zoos. A site adjacent to Kyd's own private garden at Shalimar, across the river Hoogly was selected for the purpose. It has a huge trunk, so huge that you can’t locate the main trunk or its origin. From April 1798 to July 1799 Roxburgh was in the Cape of Good Hope to collect plants. In 1854 he produced an account of the state of the Teak plantations in the Bengal Presidency, started by Roxburgh. The garden was also known as Calcutta Botanical Garden, Indian Botanic Garden, and Royal Botanic Garden. Smith went to Malacca for Nutmeg and Clove plants. It was on Roxburgh's material and drawings that the famous books on Indian botany were based; Plants of the Coast of Coromandel (published by the Company in 1795, 1802 and 1819), Hortus Bengalensis or A Catalogue of the Plants growing in the Honourable East India Company's Botanic Garden at Calcutta (serampore, 1814), and the famous Flora Indica. Meanwhile, Anderson successfully introduced Cinchona cultivation in darjeeling. He retired from the Garden in 1855. In the following year, the 150th anniversary of the Garden was held. In this letter he proposed cultivating Cinnamon, Dacca cotton, indigo, tobacco, Coffee, Sandalwood, Pepper, tea, etc. A 330-metre-long (1,080 ft) road was … In February 1848 Hugh Falconer (1808-65), a palaeontologist and botanist, joined the Garden as its Superintendent and the Calcutta Medical College as Professor of Botany. Admission is free for members. The WordPress Kolkata community is super excited to host it for all WordPress enthusiasts. It has been claimed that every Mahogany tree in the region was essentially derived from these imports. New roads and footpaths were made. Botanical Garden. George King (1840-1909) was appointed the Superintendent in 1871. He and his successors were also given the additional charge of Superintendent of Cinchona Plantations in Bengal. 74, Kolkata Municipal Corporation, Borough IX, Kolkata Municipal Corporation, Kolkata , Kolkata district, Presidency division , West Bengal , India The Great Banyan is a banyan tree (Ficus benghalensis) located in Acharya Jagadish Chandra Bose Indian Botanic Garden, Shibpur, Howrah, near Kolkata, India. Roxburgh introduced the Mahogany tree into the Garden from West Indian seeds sent by the court of directors in 1794-95. Since the early 1860s the epithet 'Royal' was attached to the name of the Garden. Located in Shibpur, Howrah, very close to Kolkata, it is the oldest of its kind in India. In 1804, he was in charge of the newly founded 'Institution for Promoting the Natural History of India' at Barrackpore. At present, it is officially called 'Indian Botanic Garden, Howrah', but is known generally as the 'Calcutta Botanic Garden' in India and abroad. After Buchanan's departure in 1815, Nathaniel Wallich (1786-1854), a Danish surgeon became the officiating Superintendent of the Garden. One of the many talked about aspect of the Kolkata Botanical Garden is the Great Banyan Tree which you can chance upon just when you enter into the garden. Find all the transport options for your trip from Kolkata to Botanical Garden Station right here. The official name of the Garden during the Company's rule was 'The Hon'ble Company's Botanic Garden, Calcutta', subsequently, it was renamed 'The Royal Botanic Garden, Calcutta' in the early 1860s. Kyd's successor, william roxburgh (1751-1815) was undoubtedly the most accomplished botanist to have served the Company. Calcutta Botanic Garden Calcutta Botanic Garden was founded in 1787. The Chicago Botanic Garden (385 acres) is a botanical garden located at 1000 Lake Cook Road, Glencoe, Illinois. Building for the Herbarium and a number of Conservatories made of iron structure covered by a thin thatch of glass for delicate living plants were erected. Rome2rio makes travelling from Kolkata to Botanical Garden Station easy. Let’s Create: Citrus Decorations (Project) Brooklyn Botanic Garden in 1918: A Time of Pandemic, War, and Poverty More Garden News › Home Gardening Projects. Thomas Thomson (1817-1878) took charge of the Garden on 17th April 1855. Thus he was able to produce several thousand drawings of Indian plants. The Acharya Jagadish Chandra Bose Indian Botanic Garden, better known as the Botanical Garden, is a sprawling garden spanning a total area of 273 acres that is located in Shibpur, Howrah, near Kolkata. Since 1891 onwards the name 'Superintendent' was dropped and King and his successors were declared as 'Director'. The restorative works suffered serious setbacks because of two successive cyclones of extraordinary violence in October 1864 and in November 1867 which destroyed 1761 trees of the Garden. Its ground-breaking was in 1965, with the official opening in 1972. Acharya Jagadish Chandra Bose Indian Botanic Garden - Howrah 2011-03-20 2105.JPG 4,000 × 3,000; 5.21 MB Acharya Jagadish Chandra Bose Road & Sarat Bose Road & Upendranath Brahmachari Road Crossing - Kolkata 2011-10-16 160460.JPG 3,648 × 2,736; 3.93 MB They are commonly known as the Calcutta Botanical Garden, and previously as the Royal Botanic Garden, Calcutta. In 1856 he produced a 'Report on the Hon'ble Company's Botanic Garden', and the 'Notes on the Herbarium of the Calcutta Botanic Garden, with especial reference to the completion of the Flora Indica' where he reviewed the progress of the Garden and gave concrete suggestions for improvement of its scientific status. Roxburgh's experiments with fibrous plants were more successful, as he was able to produce a number of Indian substitutes for hemp as well as flax. Previously this magnificent botanic garden was known as Indian botanic garden, and also Royal botanic garden, Calcutta.The size of the garden is approximately 270 acres. In May of that year Kyd was made its Superintendent. Welcome to the Chicago Botanic Garden. Botanical Gardens Kolkata, Pic credit:(tourmet.com) It is spread over an area of about 109 hectares. Central Zoo Authority of India (CZA) is the Governing Authority of all zoos in India. It was renamed as the Indian Botanic Garden in 1950. This list of botanical gardens and arboretums in Illinois is intended to include all significant botanical gardens and arboretums in the U.S. state of Illinois. The strong roots of the Banyan Tre… Feel free to spend some time on this site! The great banyan tree draws more visitors to the garden than its collection of exotic plants from five continents. Acharya Jagdish Chandra Bose Indian Botanic Garden, previously known as the Indian Botanic Garden houses an old Banyan tree (Ficus Bengalensis) that is more than 250 years old. DIY Kokedama: Japanese-Style Houseplant Display With Moss Balls Hellebores: … In a letter dated 1st June, 1786, Kyd proposed the establishment of a 'Botanical Garden' which would prove economically beneficial to the inhabitants of Calcutta and to British commerce. Nevertheless, Kyd went on to introduce a large number of plants into the Garden, and transferred seeds and plants to other botanical establishments of the Company. Wallich finally retired to Europe in April 1846. The credit for the foundation of the Garden is generally given to Colonel Robert Kyd (1746-1793), a Secretary to the Board in the Military Department of Fort William who was also an amateur botanist. His successor, Charles Cumming Calder (1884-1962), Professor of Botany at the University of Calcutta, was the last European to become its Director. During his tenure the Indian collections made by JD Hooker and Thomson himself in 1841-51 (known in Europe as the great Indian Herbarium) were transferred to the Calcutta Botanic Garden to enrich its Herbarium. Kolkata’s Historic Botanic Garden October 3, 2016 WHEN Colonel Robert Kyd proposed in 1786 that a botanic garden should be established in Calcutta (now Kolkata), he probably had little idea that it would still be on the same site and have the same essential form 230 years’ later. In 1864 Anderson was appointed the Conservator of Forests in Bengal. Acharya Jagadish Chandra Bose Indian Botanic Garden - Howrah 2011-01-08 9709.JPG 4,288 × 2,848; 10.39 MB Acharya Jagadish Chandra Bose Indian Botanic Garden - Howrah 2011-01-08 9710.JPG 4,288 × … Nursery buildings were put up and comfortable houses were made for the Garden staff. Buchanan Hamilton is chiefly remembered for two surveys he conducted, the first of Mysore in 1800 and the second of Bengal in 1807-14. Available online only this year, get tickets NOW to secure your preferred date. The garden is operated by the Chicago Horticultural Society, founded 1890, for collections, education, and research. Several plants and trees from Nepal, Brazil, Penang, Java and Sumatra adorn the premises of the botanical garden. Apart from banyan and various types of trees there are manicured gardens, lakes and ponds where rare water lilies (such as Victoria Amazonica) bloom and a variety of birds come in … Many of the early schemes of Kyd such as the introduction of trees yielding nutmeg, cloves, cinnamon, pepper vines, etc failed because the climate was quite unsuited to these equatorial spices. In 1878, 40 acres of land were acquired at Darjeeling to form a botanic garden (The Lloyd Botanic Garden) as a distant annexe of the Calcutta Garden. Hong Kong Zoological and Botanical Gardens (1892) Kadoorie Farm and Botanic Garden (1950s) Lai Chi Kok Zoo (1950s) Ocean Park Hong Kong (1975) India Edit. The gardens were established in the year 1787 and were commonly … It features 27 display gardens in four natural habitats: McDonald Woods, Dixon Prairie, Skokie River Corridor, and Lakes and Shores. His contribution of plants specimens to the Garden collected in Tenasserim enriched its Herbarium. Lush and rich with flora, all your eyes can see are shades of green that soothe and relax a tired mind. It was founded by the Colonel Alexander Kyd of the East India Country in 1786. What’s more…the tree has over 2880 prop roots and covers an area of about 1.50 hectares. Shine Safely at Garden Lights, Holiday Nights. [Abhijit Mukherjee], http://en.banglapedia.org/index.php?title=Calcutta_Botanic_Garden&oldid=1237. The design of the Kolkata Botanical garden was proposed by Colonel Alexander Kyd to the then Governor General Lord Cornwallis. According to the archives, the Great Banyan Tree was born by a bird’s dropping and it grew on a Phoenix Tree (date palm). As Superintendent of the Calcutta Botanic Garden, Wallich made periodic expeditions to India's northern and eastern frontiers, and visited the neighbouring kingdoms. With limited capacity and other safety protocols in place, the 10th annual outdoor lights extravaganza may be your best experience yet. Andrew Thomas Gage (1871-1945), a travelling botanist and Curator since 1897 succeeded him in 1905 and held the post till 1923. Plants & Gardens Blog. Name Image Affiliation City Coordinates Anderson Japanese Gardens: Rockford The Great Banyan Tree in the Botanical Garden, Kolkata – Photo: Wikipedia. The Acharya Jagadish Chandra Bose Indian Botanic Garden or Indian Botanical Garden (West Bengal) is the largest and oldest botanical garden … A botanical garden is a place where plants, especially ferns, conifers and flowering plants, are grown and displayed for the purposes of research and education. A fireproof Herbarium was built to house a rapidly growing collection of specimens (some half a million by 1890). Calcutta Garden became the headquarters of the Survey and was given regional responsibility for Bengal, Assam, North East, Burma, and the Andaman and Nicobar Islands. The Botanical Gardens of Kolkata, officially known as The Acharya Jagadish Chandra Bose India n Botanic Garden is spread over a sprawling expanse of over 270 acres. Restaurants near Botanical Gardens; Menus, Photos, Reviews for Restaurants near Botanical Gardens Zomato is the best way to discover great places to eat in your city. Its main trunk became diseased after it was struck by two cyclones, so in 1925 the main trunk of the tree was amputated to keep the remainder healthy; this has left it as a clonal colony, rather than a single tree. botanical garden Location Ward No. Teak plantations, however, were not successful in Bengal. francis buchanan (afterwards Buchanan Hamilton), the successor of Roxburgh, held office only for a short spell of time (November 1814 to February 1815). Calcutta Botanic Garden was founded in 1787. He was succeeded in 1937 by the well-known Bengali botanist, Kalipada Biswas, who was the first Indian Director of the Garden as well as the Botanical Survey of India. The Library of the Garden was enriched by the purchase of Thomson's personal library. The Court of Directors was sufficiently impressed by Kyd's economic arguments and enthusiastic support was given to it by Joseph Banks (1743-1820), the founding father of the Royal Botanic Garden, Kew, and President of the Royal Society (1778-1820). Equatorial fruits were also tried but met the same fate as did temperate fruits of Europe. It was also called Company bagan or East India Company’s Garden. David Prain (1857-1944), Curator of the Calcutta herbarium and famous for his Bengal Plants (1903), succeeded King in 1897. [2] The gardens exhibit a wide variety of rare plants and a … A botanical garden is a place where plants, especially ferns, conifers and flowering plants, are grown and displayed for the purposes of research and education.This distinguishes them from parks and pleasure gardens where plants, usually with beautiful flowers, are grown for public amenity Botanical gardens that specialize in trees are sometimes referred to as arboreta. The Chicago Botanic Garden is a 385-acre (156 ha) living plant museum situated on nine islands in the Cook County Forest Preserves. Before his successor Hugh Falconer arrived in 1848, the Garden was temporarily in charge of John McClelland (1805-85) a geologist with botanical interests and editor of the Calcutta Journal of Natural History (1841-47). The botanical garden in Nashik is the first of its kind in the country and only one in South East Asia with a unique laser show. This botanic garden is commonly known as Kolkata (or Calcutta) botanic garden (despite of not being located in Kolkata). In Roxburgh's Hortus Bengalensis, it is noted that Kyd introduced some 300 species of plants into the Garden. Wikipedia: Instance of: botanical garden: Location: Shibpur, Howrah district, Presidency division, West Bengal, India : ... Media in category "Acharya Jagadish Chandra Bose Indian Botanic Garden" The following 200 files are in this category, out of 451 total. This huge garden covers a sprawling area of around 273 acres of land, nurturing around 12,000 botanical specimens. Both at Samalkot and Calcutta, Roxburgh trained a group of native artists in the European tradition of botanical drawings. His successor, Thomas Anderson (1832-1870) appointed Wilhelm Sulpiz Kruz (1833-1878), a German, as the Curator of the Herbarium in February 1864. Book your tickets online for Acharya Jagadish Chandra Bose Indian Botanic Garden, Howrah: See 220 reviews, articles, and 272 photos of Acharya Jagadish Chandra Bose Indian Botanic Garden, ranked No.5 on Tripadvisor among 20 attractions in Howrah. Of Asia collected in Tenasserim enriched its Herbarium Penang, Java botanical garden kolkata wikipedia Sumatra adorn the premises of the Garden 17th! Made for the Garden was also called Company bagan or East India ’. Garden Station easy the chaos of Kolkata all the restaurants and nightlife in! 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